LXXXVI. MySQL Improved Extension


The mysqli extension allows you to access the functionality provided by MySQL 4.1 and above. More information about the MySQL Database server can be found at http://www.mysql.com/

Documentation for MySQL can be found at http://dev.mysql.com/doc/.

Parts of this documentation included from MySQL manual with permissions of MySQL AB.


In order to have these functions available, you must compile PHP with support for the mysqli extension.

注: The mysqli extension is designed to work with the version 4.1.3 or above of MySQL. For previous versions, please see the MySQL extension documentation.


To install the mysqli extension for PHP, use the --with-mysqli=mysql_config_path/mysql_config configuration option where mysql_config_path represents the location of the mysql_config program that comes with MySQL versions greater than 4.1.

If you would like to install the mysql extension along with the mysqli extension you have to use the same client library to avoid any conflicts.


这些函数的行为受 php.ini 的影响。

表格 1. MySQLi Configuration Options

mysqli.max_links"-1"PHP_INI_SYSTEMAvailable since PHP 5.0.0.
mysqli.default_port"3306"PHP_INI_ALLAvailable since PHP 5.0.0.
mysqli.default_socketNULLPHP_INI_ALLAvailable since PHP 5.0.0.
mysqli.default_hostNULLPHP_INI_ALLAvailable since PHP 5.0.0.
mysqli.default_userNULLPHP_INI_ALLAvailable since PHP 5.0.0.
mysqli.default_pwNULLPHP_INI_ALLAvailable since PHP 5.0.0.

For further details and definitions of the above PHP_INI_* constants, see the chapter on configuration changes.


mysqli.max_links integer

The maximum number of MySQL connections per process.

mysqli.default_port string

The default TCP port number to use when connecting to the database server if no other port is specified. If no default is specified, the port will be obtained from the MYSQL_TCP_PORT environment variable, the mysql-tcp entry in /etc/services or the compile-time MYSQL_PORT constant, in that order. Win32 will only use the MYSQL_PORT constant.

mysqli.default_socket string

The default socket name to use when connecting to a local database server if no other socket name is specified.

mysqli.default_host string

The default server host to use when connecting to the database server if no other host is specified. Doesn't apply in safe mode.

mysqli.default_user string

The default user name to use when connecting to the database server if no other name is specified. Doesn't apply in safe mode.

mysqli.default_pw string

The default password to use when connecting to the database server if no other password is specified. Doesn't apply in safe mode.



Represents a connection between PHP and a MySQL database.


  • mysqli - construct a new mysqli object


  • autocommit - turns on or off auto-commiting database modifications

  • change_user - changes the user of the specified database connection

  • character_set_name - returns the default character set for the database connection

  • close - closes a previously opened connection

  • commit - commits the current transaction

  • connect - opens a new connection to MySQL database server

  • debug - performs debugging operations

  • dump_debug_info - dumps debug information

  • get_client_info - returns client version

  • get_host_info - returns type of connection used

  • get_server_info - returns version of the MySQL server

  • get_server_version - returns version of the MySQL server

  • init - initializes mysqli object

  • info - retrieves information about the most recently executed query

  • kill - asks the server to kill a mysql thread

  • multi_query - performs multiple queries

  • more_results - check if more results exist from currently executed multi-query

  • next_result - reads next result from currently executed multi-query

  • options - set options

  • ping - pings a server connection or reconnects if there is no connection

  • prepare - prepares a SQL query

  • query - performs a query

  • real_connect - attempts to open a connection to MySQL database server

  • escape_string - escapes special characters in a string for use in a SQL statement, taking into account the current charset of the connection

  • rollback - rolls back the current transaction

  • select_db - selects the default database

  • set_charset - sets the default client character set

  • ssl_set - sets ssl parameters

  • stat - gets the current system status

  • stmt_init- initializes a statement for use with mysqli_stmt_prepare

  • store_result - transfers a resultset from last query

  • use_result - transfers an unbuffered resultset from last query

  • thread_safe - returns whether thread safety is given or not


  • affected_rows - gets the number of affected rows in a previous MySQL operation

  • client_info - returns the MySQL client version as a string

  • client_version - returns the MySQL client version as an integer

  • errno - returns the error code for the most recent function call

  • error - returns the error string for the most recent function call

  • field_count - returns the number of columns for the most recent query

  • host_info - returns a string representing the type of connection used

  • info - retrieves information about the most recently executed query

  • insert_id - returns the auto generated id used in the last query

  • protocol_version - returns the version of the MySQL protocol used

  • sqlstate - returns a string containing the SQLSTATE error code for the last error

  • thread_id - returns the thread ID for the current connection

  • warning_count - returns the number of warnings generated during execution of the previous SQL statement


Represents a prepared statement.


  • bind_param - binds variables to a prepared statement

  • bind_result - binds variables to a prepared statement for result storage

  • close - closes a prepared statement

  • data_seek - seeks to an arbitrary row in a statement result set

  • execute - executes a prepared statement

  • fetch - fetches result from a prepared statement into bound variables

  • free_result - frees stored result memory for the given statement handle

  • result_metadata - retrieves a resultset from a prepared statement for metadata information

  • prepare - prepares a SQL query

  • send_long_data - sends data in chunks

  • reset - resets a prepared statement

  • store_result - buffers complete resultset from a prepared statement


  • affected_rows - returns affected rows from last statement execution

  • errno - returns errorcode for last statement function

  • errno - returns errormessage for last statement function

  • param_count - returns number of parameter for a given prepare statement

  • sqlstate - returns a string containing the SQLSTATE error code for the last statement function


Represents the result set obtained from a query against the database.


  • close - closes resultset

  • data_seek - moves internal result pointer

  • fetch_field - gets column information from a resultset

  • fetch_fields - gets information for all columns from a resulset

  • fetch_field_direct - gets column information for specified column

  • fetch_array - fetches a result row as an associative array, a numeric array, or both.

  • fetch_assoc - fetches a result row as an associative array

  • fetch_object - fetches a result row as an object

  • fetch_row - gets a result row as an enumerated array

  • close - frees result memory

  • field_seek - set result pointer to a specified field offset



表格 2. MySQLi Constants

MYSQLI_READ_DEFAULT_GROUP (integer) Read options from the named group from `my.cnf' or the file specified with MYSQLI_READ_DEFAULT_FILE
MYSQLI_READ_DEFAULT_FILE (integer) Read options from the named option file instead of from my.cnf
MYSQLI_OPT_CONNECT_TIMEOUT (integer) Connect timeout in seconds
MYSQLI_INIT_COMMAND (integer) Command to execute when connecting to MySQL server. Will automatically be re-executed when reconnecting.
MYSQLI_CLIENT_SSL (integer) Use SSL (encrypted protocol). This option should not be set by application programs; it is set internally in the MySQL client library
MYSQLI_CLIENT_COMPRESS (integer) Use compression protocol
MYSQLI_CLIENT_INTERACTIVE (integer) Allow interactive_timeout seconds (instead of wait_timeout seconds) of inactivity before closing the connection. The client's session wait_timeout variable will be set to the value of the session interactive_timeout variable.
MYSQLI_CLIENT_IGNORE_SPACE (integer) Allow spaces after function names. Makes all functions names reserved words.
MYSQLI_CLIENT_NO_SCHEMA (integer) Don't allow the db_name.tbl_name.col_name syntax.
MYSQLI_STORE_RESULT (integer) For using buffered resultsets
MYSQLI_USE_RESULT (integer) For using unbuffered resultsets
MYSQLI_ASSOC (integer) Columns are returned into the array having the fieldname as the array index.
MYSQLI_NUM (integer) Columns are returned into the array having an enumerated index.
MYSQLI_BOTH (integer) Columns are returned into the array having both a numerical index and the fieldname as the associative index.
MYSQLI_NOT_NULL_FLAG (integer) Indicates that a field is defined as NOT NULL
MYSQLI_PRI_KEY_FLAG (integer) Field is part of a primary index
MYSQLI_UNIQUE_KEY_FLAG (integer) Field is part of an unique index.
MYSQLI_MULTIPLE_KEY_FLAG (integer) Field is part of an index.
MYSQLI_BLOB_FLAG (integer) Field is defined as BLOB
MYSQLI_UNSIGNED_FLAG (integer) Field is defined as UNSIGNED
MYSQLI_ZEROFILL_FLAG (integer) Field is defined as ZEROFILL
MYSQLI_TIMESTAMP_FLAG (integer) Field is defined as TIMESTAMP
MYSQLI_SET_FLAG (integer) Field is defined as SET
MYSQLI_NUM_FLAG (integer) Field is defined as NUMERIC
MYSQLI_PART_KEY_FLAG (integer) Field is part of an multi-index
MYSQLI_GROUP_FLAG (integer) Field is part of GROUP BY
MYSQLI_TYPE_DECIMAL (integer) Field is defined as DECIMAL
MYSQLI_TYPE_TINY (integer) Field is defined as TINYINT
MYSQLI_TYPE_SHORT (integer) Field is defined as INT
MYSQLI_TYPE_LONG (integer) Field is defined as INT
MYSQLI_TYPE_FLOAT (integer) Field is defined as FLOAT
MYSQLI_TYPE_DOUBLE (integer) Field is defined as DOUBLE
MYSQLI_TYPE_NULL (integer) Field is defined as DEFAULT NULL
MYSQLI_TYPE_TIMESTAMP (integer) Field is defined as TIMESTAMP
MYSQLI_TYPE_LONGLONG (integer) Field is defined as BIGINT
MYSQLI_TYPE_INT24 (integer) Field is defined as MEDIUMINT
MYSQLI_TYPE_DATE (integer) Field is defined as DATE
MYSQLI_TYPE_TIME (integer) Field is defined as TIME
MYSQLI_TYPE_DATETIME (integer) Field is defined as DATETIME
MYSQLI_TYPE_YEAR (integer) Field is defined as YEAR
MYSQLI_TYPE_NEWDATE (integer) Field is defined as DATE
MYSQLI_TYPE_ENUM (integer) Field is defined as ENUM
MYSQLI_TYPE_SET (integer) Field is defined as SET
MYSQLI_TYPE_TINY_BLOB (integer) Field is defined as TINYBLOB
MYSQLI_TYPE_MEDIUM_BLOB (integer) Field is defined as MEDIUMBLOB
MYSQLI_TYPE_LONG_BLOB (integer) Field is defined as LONGBLOB
MYSQLI_TYPE_BLOB (integer) Field is defined as BLOB
MYSQLI_TYPE_VAR_STRING (integer) Field is defined as VARCHAR
MYSQLI_TYPE_STRING (integer) Field is defined as CHAR
MYSQLI_TYPE_GEOMETRY (integer) Field is defined as GEOMETRY
MYSQLI_NEED_DATA (integer) More data available for bind variable
MYSQLI_NO_DATA (integer) No more data available for bind variable
MYSQLI_DATA_TRUNCATED (integer) Data truncation occurred. Available since PHP 5.1.0 and MySQL 5.0.5.


All Examples in the MySQLI documentation use the world database from MySQL AB. The world database can be found at http://dev.mysql.com/get/Downloads/Manual/world.sql.gz/from/pick

mysqli_affected_rows -- Gets the number of affected rows in a previous MySQL operation
mysqli_autocommit -- Turns on or off auto-commiting database modifications
mysqli_bind_param -- Alias for mysqli_stmt_bind_param()
mysqli_bind_result -- Alias for mysqli_stmt_bind_result()
mysqli_change_user -- Changes the user of the specified database connection
mysqli_character_set_name -- Returns the default character set for the database connection
mysqli_client_encoding -- Alias of mysqli_character_set_name()
mysqli_close -- Closes a previously opened database connection
mysqli_commit -- Commits the current transaction
mysqli_connect_errno -- Returns the error code from last connect call
mysqli_connect_error -- Returns a string description of the last connect error
mysqli_connect -- Open a new connection to the MySQL server
mysqli_data_seek -- Adjusts the result pointer to an arbitary row in the result
mysqli_debug -- Performs debugging operations
mysqli_disable_reads_from_master -- Disable reads from master
mysqli_disable_rpl_parse -- Disable RPL parse
mysqli_dump_debug_info -- Dump debugging information into the log
mysqli_embedded_connect -- Open a connection to an embedded mysql server
mysqli_enable_reads_from_master -- Enable reads from master
mysqli_enable_rpl_parse -- Enable RPL parse
mysqli_errno -- Returns the error code for the most recent function call
mysqli_error -- Returns a string description of the last error
mysqli_escape_string -- Alias of mysqli_real_escape_string()
mysqli_execute -- Alias for mysqli_stmt_execute()
mysqli_fetch_array -- Fetch a result row as an associative, a numeric array, or both
mysqli_fetch_assoc -- Fetch a result row as an associative array
mysqli_fetch_field_direct --  Fetch meta-data for a single field
mysqli_fetch_field -- Returns the next field in the result set
mysqli_fetch_fields -- Returns an array of objects representing the fields in a result set
mysqli_fetch_lengths -- Returns the lengths of the columns of the current row in the result set
mysqli_fetch_object -- Returns the current row of a result set as an object
mysqli_fetch_row -- Get a result row as an enumerated array
mysqli_fetch -- Alias for mysqli_stmt_fetch()
mysqli_field_count -- Returns the number of columns for the most recent query
mysqli_field_seek --  Set result pointer to a specified field offset
mysqli_field_tell --  Get current field offset of a result pointer
mysqli_free_result -- Frees the memory associated with a result
mysqli_get_client_info -- Returns the MySQL client version as a string
mysqli_get_client_version -- Get MySQL client info
mysqli_get_host_info -- Returns a string representing the type of connection used
mysqli_get_metadata -- Alias for mysqli_stmt_result_metadata()
mysqli_get_proto_info -- Returns the version of the MySQL protocol used
mysqli_get_server_info -- Returns the version of the MySQL server
mysqli_get_server_version -- Returns the version of the MySQL server as an integer
mysqli_info -- Retrieves information about the most recently executed query
mysqli_init --  Initializes MySQLi and returns a resource for use with mysqli_real_connect()
mysqli_insert_id -- Returns the auto generated id used in the last query
mysqli_kill -- Asks the server to kill a MySQL thread
mysqli_master_query -- Enforce execution of a query on the master in a master/slave setup
mysqli_more_results -- Check if there any more query results from a multi query
mysqli_multi_query -- Performs a query on the database
mysqli_next_result -- Prepare next result from multi_query
mysqli_num_fields --  Get the number of fields in a result
mysqli_num_rows --  Gets the number of rows in a result
mysqli_options -- Set options
mysqli_param_count -- Alias for mysqli_stmt_param_count()
mysqli_ping --  Pings a server connection, or tries to reconnect if the connection has gone down
mysqli_prepare --  Prepare a SQL statement for execution
mysqli_query -- Performs a query on the database
mysqli_real_connect -- Opens a connection to a mysql server
mysqli_real_escape_string --  Escapes special characters in a string for use in a SQL statement, taking into account the current charset of the connection
mysqli_real_query -- Execute an SQL query
mysqli_report -- Enables or disables internal report functions
mysqli_rollback -- Rolls back current transaction
mysqli_rpl_parse_enabled -- Check if RPL parse is enabled
mysqli_rpl_probe -- RPL probe
mysqli_rpl_query_type -- Returns RPL query type
mysqli_select_db -- Selects the default database for database queries
mysqli_send_long_data -- Alias for mysqli_stmt_send_long_data()
mysqli_send_query -- Send the query and return
mysqli_server_end -- Shut down the embedded server
mysqli_server_init -- Initialize embedded server
mysqli_set_charset -- Sets the default client character set
mysqli_set_opt -- Alias of mysqli_options()
mysqli_sqlstate -- Returns the SQLSTATE error from previous MySQL operation
mysqli_ssl_set -- Used for establishing secure connections using SSL
mysqli_stat -- Gets the current system status
mysqli_stmt_affected_rows -- Returns the total number of rows changed, deleted, or inserted by the last executed statement
mysqli_stmt_bind_param -- Binds variables to a prepared statement as parameters
mysqli_stmt_bind_result -- Binds variables to a prepared statement for result storage
mysqli_stmt_close -- Closes a prepared statement
mysqli_stmt_data_seek -- Seeks to an arbitray row in statement result set
mysqli_stmt_errno -- Returns the error code for the most recent statement call
mysqli_stmt_error -- Returns a string description for last statement error
mysqli_stmt_execute -- Executes a prepared Query
mysqli_stmt_fetch --  Fetch results from a prepared statement into the bound variables
mysqli_stmt_free_result -- Frees stored result memory for the given statement handle
mysqli_stmt_init --  Initializes a statement and returns an object for use with mysqli_stmt_prepare
mysqli_stmt_num_rows -- Return the number of rows in statements result set
mysqli_stmt_param_count -- Returns the number of parameter for the given statement
mysqli_stmt_prepare --  Prepare a SQL statement for execution
mysqli_stmt_reset -- Resets a prepared statement
mysqli_stmt_result_metadata -- Returns result set metadata from a prepared statement
mysqli_stmt_send_long_data -- Send data in blocks
mysqli_stmt_sqlstate -- Returns SQLSTATE error from previous statement operation
mysqli_stmt_store_result -- Transfers a result set from a prepared statement
mysqli_store_result -- Transfers a result set from the last query
mysqli_thread_id -- Returns the thread ID for the current connection
mysqli_thread_safe -- Returns whether thread safety is given or not
mysqli_use_result -- Initiate a result set retrieval
mysqli_warning_count -- Returns the number of warnings from the last query for the given link

add a note add a note User Contributed Notes
dan+php dot net-note-about-mysqli at obluda dot cz
27-Sep-2006 05:15
Hints for upgrading PHP code from MySQL to MySQLi:

Note - MySQLi doesn't support persistent connection. If you need it, you must implement it by self. This case is not covered in this note.

First - change all occurences of MYSQL_ to MYSQLI_ and mysql_ to mysqli_

Most of changes is required because mysqli* functions has no implicit link argument, so it need to be added explicitly if not present already. Even if it is present, most mysqli_ functions require 'link' argument as first (and mandatory) argument instead of last (and optional) as required by mysql_ functions. So, we need to change order of arguments at least.

So, you need to found names of all mysql_ functions used in your code, check if it need reoder of parameters or add the link parameter. Only *_connect() functions need review, but most scripts contain only few connect call.

If you use functions deprecated in mysql, then may not be impemented in mysqli. Those need to be reimplemented if required. In most case, it's very simple. In advance, PHP script written by carefull programer should not contain deprecated calls, so it's not problem in most cases at all.

Most of scripts I ported from mysql_ to mysqli_ can be converted by simple sed script followed by *_connect() function call review only. Especially when when programmer doesn't used the link as implicit argument and doesn't use deprecated functions the conversion of PHP source is trivial task and converted script work with no problem.

Special handling of some functions:

Call with 3 or less parameters need not to be modified.
4-parameters call - delete 4th parameter as mysqli is always non-persistent
5-parameters - replace it by sequence of mysqli_init();mysqli_options();mysqli_real_connect()

mysql_create_db(), mysql_drop_db(), mysql_list_dbs(), mysql_db_name(),mysql_list_fields(), mysql_list_processes(), mysql_list_tables(), mysql_db_query(),mysql_table_name()
mysqli variant doesn't exist (those functions has been deprecated even in mysql_) but it's easy to reimplement each of it. Use apropropriate SQL command followed by standard loop for processing query results where applicable. If no connection to server yet you need to use explicit mysqli_connect call.

mysqli variant doesn't exist. Use one of mysqli_fetch_* variant (depending of type of mysql_result() third argument)

mysqli variant doesn't exist. Use mysqli_real_query()
chris <at> gerlt.net
08-Jul-2006 02:47
For installing mysqli extension after PHP is installed on a Linux ubuntu ( or other linux distro with apt-get such as debian, etc...):

# apt-get install php5-mysqli

NOTE: after install, you need to reboot apache
# apache2ctl graceful
09-Jun-2006 02:11
It should be noticed that mysqli does not support persistent
connections, so do not bother about implementing them
unless you got a million hits an hour on your website.

also about using both mysql and mysqli, i want to note
that under windows the best approach is to load either
mysql or mysqli at runtime not both.

i know that under php5 this is deprecated but it seems
to work fine. i used the same appoach under debian-linux
and seems to work aswell. just don't know for the
speed cost. maybe someone can benchmark this out.

just my 2 eurocents.
s dot s at terra dot com dot br
10-May-2006 04:47
Compile error using any MySQL version before 5.0.20.

I think its becose the mysqli interface provided by PHP does not support SSL connection.
10-Mar-2006 03:42
Same problem, no solution.  I'm running Solaris sparc with mysql 4.1.12.  I've tried every config command I can think of and have modified my PATH as follows:

setenv PATH /usr/ccs/bin:

./configure '--prefix=/usr/local/php' '--localstatedir=/usr/local'  '--mandir=/usr/share/man' '--with-mysqli=/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_config' '--includedir=/usr/lib' '--enable-shared=max'  '--enable-module=most'  '--with-imap=/usr/local/imap'  '--with-imap-ssl=/usr/local/ssl'  '--with-apxs2=/usr/local/apache2/bin/apxs'  '--enable-fastcgi'  '--enable-mbstring=all'  '--with-zlib-dir=/usr'  '--with-openssl=/usr/local/ssl'

I think it's a compatibility issue with the version of mysql running 64-bit.

Michael <mstclaire at myprintflow dot com>
13-Jan-2006 11:10
I was running into some random issues using the myqli extension with MySQL 5 on Mac OS X.

I discovered that when I compiled php 5 with the --with-mysqli flag, it was building php with the pre-installed MySQL 4 client libraries.

Heres how it fixed it to build php with the correct MySQL client libraries.

I had installed the binary version of MySQL 5 from MySQL AB. It installs everything in the default location /usr/local/mysql, which is fine. The MySQL version that comes with OS X ( v.4.x, depends on your OS X version ) installs the mysql_config help utility at /usr/bin/mysql_config. When php configs, it uses that one by default, inheritently using the wrong MySQL client libs.

No problem I thought, I just changed the --with-mysqli flag to --with-mysqli=/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_config ( or sudo find / -name mysql_config to find yours ). Nope, php throws a build error because it can't find the matching libraries. Hmmm...

So i tested /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_config --version, and I am shown my most current MySQL install. The problem is that the binary editions for OS X DO NOT include the shared libs ( libmysqlclient.dylib ). Oh no, I did not want to compile MySQL myself, not because I don't know how, but because MySQL AB does not recommend it, and for good reasons. Trust me, I've found out the hard way.

So what do you do? Download the source version of MySQL 5 that matches my binary version.

Configure MySQL:

./configure --enable-shared ( it's listed as ON as default, but I want to be sure )

Build MySQL:

make ( requires Developer Tools, but you knew that )

DO NOT make install !!! I repeat, DO NOT make install unless you really wish to overwrite your binary verions, which is not a good idea. ( You can configure MySQL with the --without-server flag, but I want to be certain I don't mess up )

Ok, almost done. Go to the lib directory in your MySQL build location and go to the invisible directory, .libs . There you will find your shared libraries, namely libmysqlclient.15.0.0.dylib.

Copy this to your /usr/local/mysql/lib directory. Now do the following from the lib directory:

ln -s libmysqlclient.15.0.0.dylib libmysqlclient.15.dylib
ln -s libmysqlclient.15.0.0.dylib libmysqlclient.dylib
mkdir mysql
cd mysql
ln -s ../libmysqlclient.15.0.0.dylib libmysqlclient.15.0.0.dylib
ln -s ../libmysqlclient.15.0.0.dylib libmysqlclient.15.dylib
ln -s ../libmysqlclient.15.0.0.dylib libmysqlclient.dylib

Now you can build your php with the correct library. After you build, check your phpinfo(); to validate the client version under the mysqli section. When I restarted Apache, it originally couldn't find my libraries, thus the /usr/local/mysql/lib/mysql directory.

Hope this helped.
Brad Marsh
09-Nov-2005 11:54
Notes for FreeBSD 6.0-RELEASE

MySQL 5.0.15 (source), Apache 2.0.55 (port), PHP 5.0.15 (source) - I used sources for MySQL and PHP because I could not get it all to work together using only ports.

First MySQL:
cd /usr/local/src
tar zxvf /path/to/mysql-5.0.15.tar.gz

./configure --prefix=/usr/local/mysql --localstatedir=/usr/local/mysql/data --enable-assembler --with-mysqld-ldflags=-all-static CFLAGS="-O3" CXX=gcc CXXFLAGS="-O3 -felide-constructors -fno-exceptions -fno-rtti"

make install


cd /usr/ports/www/apache2
make install
make clean

cd /usr/local/src
tar zxvf /path/to/php-5.0.5.tar.gz

./configure --with-xml --with-zlib --with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql --with-mysqli=/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_config --with-apxs2=/usr/local/sbin/apxs

EXTRA STEP for mysql and mysqli extensions at the same time:
See this forum thread: http://www.kofler.cc/forum/forumthread.php?rootID=3571

In the PHP Makefile, I changed the line (note all the duplicates)

EXTRA_LIBS = -lcrypt -lcrypt -lmysqlclient -lz -lm -lxml2 -lz -liconv -lm -lxml2 -lz -liconv -lm -lmysqlclient -lz -lcrypt -lm -lxml2 -lz -liconv -lm -lcrypt -lxml2 -lz -liconv -lm -lcrypt


EXTRA_LIBS = -lcrypt -lmysqlclient -lz -lm -lxml2 -liconv

make install

Hope this helps somebody...
dgbaley27 at comcast dot net
29-Oct-2005 04:06
I wrote the following mysqli extension to make it a little easier to pull data for some peope.  It combines the query() and fetch_assoc() methods:

class Sql extends mysqli {
__construct($host, $user, $password, $table) {
parent::__construct($host, $user, $password, $table);

data($SQL, $force=0) {

       if (
$SQL != $holdQuery) {
$result = $this->query($SQL);
$holdQuery = $SQL;


So to implement:
= new Sql("host", "user", "password", "table");

$SQL = "SELECT * FROM anyTable";

while (
$row = $link->data($SQL)) {
// manipulate data

This can be very much expanded upon but I'm a freak for minimal code and I'm sure there are pleanty of you out there like me.
Ezbakhe Yassin <yassin88 at gmail dot com>
01-Sep-2005 07:03
I made a simple class that extends mysqli. It has the following features:
- Use an XML file to store multiple connection parameters.
- Auto display DB error messages (you can easily disable this in a production server)
- Retrieve columns max lenght
- Retrieve column comments
- Retrieve ENUM|SET possible values as an array

You are free to extend/modify it, but please give me credit.


class mysqli2 extends mysqli
private $dbHost, $dbUser, $dbPassword, $dbSchema;

public function __construct($XMLFilePath, $connectionID)
$this->_getDBParameters($XMLFilePath, $connectionID);
parent::__construct($this->dbHost, $this->dbUser, $this->dbPassword, $this->dbSchema);

       if (
sprintf("Can't connect to database. Error: %s", mysqli_connect_error()));

public function __destruct()
       if (!

private function _getDBParameters($XMLFilePath, $connectionID)
       if (!(

$connections = simplexml_load_file($XMLFilePath);

       foreach (
$connections as $connection)
           if (
$connection['ID'] == $connectionID)
$this->dbHost    = $connection->dbHost;
$this->dbUser    = $connection->dbUser;
$this->dbPassword = $connection->dbPassword;
$this->dbSchema  = $connection->dbSchema;

public function query($sql)
       if (!(
$result = parent::query($sql)))
sprintf("Can't perform query on database. Error: %s", $this->error));


public function get_columns_max_len($dbTable)
       if (!(
$result = $this->query("DESCRIBE $dbTable")))

       while (
$row = $result->fetch_array(MYSQLI_ASSOC))
           if (
ereg('^.+\((.+)\)', $row['Type'], $columnMaxLen))
$columnMaxLens[$row['Field']] = (int)$columnMaxLen[1];


public function get_columns_comments($dbTable)
       if (!(
$result = $this->query("SHOW CREATE TABLE $dbTable")))

$row = $result->fetch_row();
$tableSQL = explode("\n", $row[1]);

       foreach (
$tableSQL as $tableSQLLine)
           if (
ereg(".+ `(.+)` .+ COMMENT '(.+)'", $tableSQLLine, $columnCommentsBuffer))
$columnComments[$columnCommentsBuffer[1]] = $columnCommentsBuffer[2];


public function get_enum_options($dbTable, $dbColumn)
       if (!(
$result = $this->query("DESCRIBE $dbTable")))

       while (
$row = $result->fetch_array(MYSQLI_ASSOC))
           if (
$row['Field'] == $dbColumn)
               if (
eregi('(enum|set)\((.+)\)', $row['Type'], $enumValues))
$enumValues = explode(",", str_replace("'", NULL, $enumValues[2]));

       return isset(
$enumValues) ? $enumValues : FALSE;


The XML file looks like:

<?xml version ='1.0' encoding ='UTF-8' ?>

   <connection ID="1">
arjen at mysql dot com
05-Aug-2005 04:26
John Coggeshall wrote a PHP5 ext/mysqli compatibility script for applications that still use the old ext/mysql functions. This prevents the hassle of trying to have both the mysql and mysqli extensions loaded in PHP5, which can be tricky.

The script is at:
18-Jun-2005 12:55
Some benchmarks of mysqli vs the traditional mysql ext:

30-Apr-2005 03:16
MySQLi help/support on Google Groups:

hans at lintoo dot dk
23-Mar-2005 12:33
While writing a class that extends mysqli I ran across some rather strange bugs,
that however did resove itself, when I found out that they were caused by:
::__construct( ... ... ... $this->dbase_password);

so I changed it to the following:
 * Database class for handling database connections.
 * @author Hans Duedal
 * @version 22 Marts 2005

class DBase extends mysqli {
protected $dbase_hostname;
protected $dbase_username;
protected $dbase_password;
protected $dbase_name;

     *  Consctructor for objects of class DBase
     * @param File $settings_ini_file
public function __construct(File $settings_ini_file) {
$ini_array = parse_ini_file($settings_ini_file->requireFilePath());
$this->dbase_hostname = $ini_array["dbase_hostname"];
$this->dbase_username = $ini_array["dbase_username"];
$this->dbase_password = $ini_array["dbase_password"];
$this->dbase_name = $ini_array["dbase_name"];
       if (
mysqli_connect_error()) {
throw new Exception("Connect exception:\n".mysqli_connect_error());
     * Desctructor for objects of class DBase, closes the connection
public function __destruct() {
     * Accessor method to return protected variable $dbase_name
     * @return string
public function getName() {

     * Raw MySQL query
     * throws exception
     * @param string $query
     * @return mysqli_result
public function query($query) {
$result = parent::query($query);
       if (
throw new Exception("Query exception:\n".mysqli_error($this));

btw the File class is my own as well... couldn't find any File object in PHP5 ? :S
They are both avaible for download at:

Hans Duedal // hans@lintoo.dk
jedifreeman at comcast dot net
22-Mar-2005 05:49
It should be noted here that mysqli is a PHP 5 only extension.
Andrei Nazarenko
23-Feb-2005 03:21
If you are having trouble compiling PHP5 with MySQLi support on Linux and getting a message:
"configure: error: wrong mysql library version or lib not found"
and the config.log shows an error about -lnss_files being not found, here is the solution:

edit your mysql_config file and *REMOVE* all  "-lnss_files" AND "-lnss_dns" entries from it.
After that PHP should not complain anymore.
11-Feb-2005 06:15
I have spent far too much time finding this answer:

Since PHP5 many many people are having installation problems.  I found many apps were broken when I upgraded to version 5.  I tried to install mysql and mysqli and had problems.

Here's the solution:

After doing:

 ./configure --with-mysql=/path/to/mysql_config --with-mysqli=/path/to/mysql_config

do this:

   if you want to use both the old mysql and the new mysqli interface, load the Makefile into your editor and search for the line beginning with EXTRA_LIBS; it includes -lmysqlclient twice; remove the second instance

then you can:

make install

Please note:  the mysql-dev must be installed or you won't have a mysql_config anywhere.  I installed the mysql-dev rpm

Further note:  the information about the Makefile's duplicate instances of "-libmysqlclient" came from Michael Kofler.  Thanks should be directed to him.  He gives more details at the following link:

K dot Londenberg at librics dot de
11-Feb-2005 01:35
Second part of the mysqli wrapper code since it didn't all get into one note

------ exception.php -------------


class FatalException extends Exception {};
ErrorException extends Exception {};
WarningException extends Exception {};

exceptionErrorHandler($errno, $errstr, $errfile, $errline)  {
  switch (
$errno) {
throw new FatalException($errstr, $errno);
throw new WarningException($errstr, $errno);
//throw new WarningException($errstr, $errno);
" - Unknown error - <b>$errstr</b>($errno) <br>";
//return true;

$old_error_handler = null;

install_exception_errorhandler() {
$old_error_handler = set_error_handler(exceptionErrorHandler);

uninstall_exception_errorhandler() {
$old_error_handler = null;

// returns formatted info-dump of an exception
function exception_dump(&$e) {
$res = "";
$res .= "<br><h2>".get_class($e)."</h2>\n";
$res .= "<h3>{$e->getMessage()} ({$e->getCode()})</h3>\n\n";
$res .= "file: {$e->getFile()}<br/>\n";
$res .= "line: {$e->getLine()}<br/>\n";
$res .= "<PRE>";
$res .= $e->getTraceAsString();
$res .= "</PRE><br>";



------ example.php ------------------------
try {
$mysql = new safe_mysqli('locashost', 'user', 'pass', 'test');
$stmt = $mysql->prepare("SELECT city, city_accented, population, latitude, longitude from world_cities where city like ? order by population desc limit 5");
$stmt->bind_param('s', $a);
$stmt->bind_result($city, $city_accented, $population, $latitude, $longitude);
   foreach (
$anfangsbuchstaben as $a) {
       while (
$stmt->fetch()) {
"<b>$city_accented</b>: pop $population - Lat. $latitude Long. $longitude<br>";
catch (SQLException $e) {
"SQL Error : ".$e->getSQLError()." in <hr><PRE>".$e->getSQL()."</PRE><hr>");
catch (DBException $e) {
"Database Error: ". $e->GetMessage());
catch (Exception $e) {

Hope this helps ...
K dot Londenberg at librics dot de
11-Feb-2005 01:34
I wrote a wrapper class for mysqli which adds exception handling to the code. It's based on the second tutorial at zend.com

It partially relies on another small library which enables translation from php-warnings to exceptions, so I'm going to include this code as well.

//define('SQL_DEBUG', 1); // uncomment to always dump sql statement in Exception message (for debugging purposes only)
install_exception_errorhandler(); // Translates PHP Warnings and User-Errors into corresponding Exceptions

class DBException extends Exception {}; // Base class for Database Exceptions

class DBConnectException extends DBException {} // Thrown when a Database connection fails

// Thrown when problems with the execution or preparation of an SQL Query occurs.
class SQLException extends DBException {
private $sql;
private $sqlerrmsg;
__construct($msg, $code, $sql) {
/* Pass all arguments passed to the constructor on to the parent's constructor */
$this->sqlerrmsg = $msg;
           if (
defined('SQL_DEBUG')) {
$msg .= " in '$sql'";
parent::__construct($msg, $code);
$this->sql = $sql;
getSQL() {

getSQLError() {

// Helper function for constructor
function add_single_quotes($arg)
"'" . addcslashes($arg, "'\\") . "'";

// Written by Kai Londenberg K.Londenberg (at) librics (dot) de
// http://www.librics.de/ based on an example at zend.com

// mysqli wrapper class with exception support
class safe_mysqli extends mysqli {

__construct() {
/* Pass all arguments passed to the constructor on to the parent's constructor */
$args = func_get_args();
try {
"parent::__construct(" . join(',', array_map('add_single_quotes', $args)) . ");");
catch (WarningException $we) {
throw new DBConnectException(mysqli_connect_error(), mysqli_connect_errno());
/* Throw an error if the connection fails */

query($query)  {
$result = parent::query($query);
throw new SQLException(mysqli_error($this), mysqli_errno($this), $query);

prepare($query)  {
$result = parent::prepare($query);
throw new SQLException(mysqli_error($this), mysqli_errno($this), $query);


php at arwin dot net
03-Feb-2005 07:32
For those having trouble compiling with both --with-mysql AND --with-mysqli, I found a solution at this URL:


rjanson at msn dot com writes:

OK, finally an answer!

I checked Makefile and found the following line:

EXTRA_LIBS = -lcrypt -lcrypt -lmysqlclient -lpng -lz -lz -lresolv -lm
-ldl -lnsl -lxml2 -
lz -lm -lxml2 -lz -lm -lmysqlclient -lcrypt -lnsl -lm -lz -lnss_files
-lnss_dns -lresolv -lnss_files
 -lnss_dns -lresolv -lxml2 -lz -lm -lcrypt -lxml2 -lz -lm -lcrypt

By removing one of the -lmysqlclient entries on this line I was able to
successfully make and make install with both mysql and mysqli. As
confirmed by phpInfo().

I'm not sure why the other libs have multiple entries and don't cause
make to crash.
roberto at spadim dot com dot br
07-Dec-2004 11:34
Mysqli is slower them mysql extension if you not use pre compiled statments!
Yair Lapin
10-Nov-2004 11:28
I successed to install php support for a mysql 4.1.7 database after several attempts because the instructions are not clear.
I have a server with linux SuSe 9 enterprise with apache 1.3.31. I installed mysql from rpm files, i installed php 4.3.9 as dynamic library. this version database needs its own client library else the mysql functions in php will not work.
configuration must be as following:

./configure --with-msqli=/usr/bin/mysql_config --with-mysql=/usr  --with-apxs=/usr/local/apache/bin/apxs

 Must be installed in your machine the correct mysql librery:

nathansquires at pacbell dot net
14-Sep-2004 01:44
If you want to build php with both the Mysql and mysqli extensions, make sure your mysql distribution comes with shared libraries or build mysql yourself with shared libraries. With only static mysql libraries the compile process will fail.
severin dot kacianka at aon dot at
13-Aug-2004 06:55
I tryed Marco Kaiser's way of getting both mysql_* and mysqli_*, but it failed for me. However I could get it working this way:
First of all I installed the MySQL 4.1.3 binary disribution acourding to the manual. Then I simply passed these ./configure arguments:


This enabled both, the mysql_* and mysqli_* functions.

Severin Kacianka
ajp at aripollak dot com
20-Jul-2004 07:50

Be careful when porting from ext/mysql to ext/mysqli. The following
   functions return NULL when no more data is available in the result set
   (ext/mysql's functions return FALSE).

   - mysqli_fetch_row()
   - mysqli_fetch_array()
   - mysqli_fetch_assoc()
08-Apr-2004 06:21
Here is a little sample to do fast hierarchical queries using new prepared statements

// Root - lowest start element
// Top  - most top element
// stack - array for storing info

function tree_rise($root, &$stack, $top = 0) {
$mysqli = mysqli_connect('localhost', 'root');
$top  = (int)$top;
$stmt = mysqli_prepare($mysqli, "SELECT id, pid, title FROM news.strg WHERE id = ? LIMIT 1");
mysqli_stmt_bind_param($stmt, "i", $root);
mysqli_bind_result($stmt, $id, $root, $title);

  while (
mysqli_fetch($stmt)) {
$stack[$id] = $title;
   if (
$root != $top && !is_null($root)) {