XXX. DOM XML Functions

简介

The DOM XML extension has been overhauled in PHP 4.3.0 to better comply with the DOM standard. The extension still contains many old functions, but they should no longer be used. In particular, functions that are not object-oriented should be avoided.

The extension allows you to operate on an XML document with the DOM API. It also provides a function domxml_xmltree() to turn the complete XML document into a tree of PHP objects. Currently, this tree should be considered read-only - you can modify it, but this would not make any sense since DomDocument_dump_mem() cannot be applied to it. Therefore, if you want to read an XML file and write a modified version, use DomDocument_create_element(), DomDocument_create_text_node(), set_attribute(), etc. and finally the DomDocument_dump_mem() function.

注: 本扩展已被移动到 PECL 库中且自以下版本起不再被绑定到 PHP 中:5.0.0.

注: This extension is no longer marked experimental. It will, however, never be released with PHP 5, and will only be distributed with PHP 4. If you need DOM XML support with PHP 5 you can use the DOM extension. This domxml extension is not compatible with the DOM extension.

需求

This extension makes use of the GNOME XML library. Download and install this library. You will need at least libxml-2.4.14. To use DOM XSLT features you can use the libxslt library and EXSLT enhancements from http://www.exslt.org/. Download and install these libraries if you plan to use (enhanced) XSLT features. You will need at least libxslt-1.0.18.

安装

PECL 扩展未绑定于 PHP 中。 进一步信息例如新版本,下载,源程序,维护者信息以及更新日志可以在此找到: http://pecl.php.net/package/domxml.

在 PHP 4 中本 PECL 扩展的源程序位于 PHP 源程序中的 ext/ 目录下或者在上面的 PECL 连接中。 This extension is only available if PHP was configured with --with-dom[=DIR]. Add --with-dom-xslt[=DIR] to include DOM XSLT support. DIR is the libxslt install directory. Add --with-dom-exslt[=DIR] to include DOM EXSLT support, where DIR is the libexslt install directory.

Windows users will enable php_domxml.dll inside of php.ini in order to use these functions. 在 PHP 4 中本 DLL 位于 PHP Windows 执行包中的 extensions/ 目录下。 可以从 PHP 下载页面或者 http://snaps.php.net/ 下载此 PECL 扩展的 DLL 文件。 Also, there is one additional DLL that must be made available to your system's PATH in order for this extension to work. In PHP 4 this is in the dlls/ directory. It's name: For PHP <= 4.2.0, it's libxml2.dll. For PHP >= 4.3.0, it's iconv.dll. And as of PHP 5.0.0, iconv is compiled into your Windows PHP binaries by default so no extra DLL is needed.

Deprecated functions

There are quite a few functions that do not fit into the DOM standard and should no longer be used. These functions are listed in the following table. The function DomNode_append_child() has changed its behaviour. It now adds a child and not a sibling. If this breaks your application, use the non-DOM function DomNode_append_sibling().

表格 1. Deprecated functions and their replacements

Old functionNew function
xmldocdomxml_open_mem()
xmldocfiledomxml_open_file()
domxml_new_xmldocdomxml_new_doc()
domxml_dump_memDomDocument_dump_mem()
domxml_dump_mem_fileDomDocument_dump_file()
DomDocument_dump_mem_fileDomDocument_dump_file()
DomDocument_add_rootDomDocument_create_element() followed by DomNode_append_child()
DomDocument_dtdDomDocument_doctype()
DomDocument_rootDomDocument_document_element()
DomDocument_childrenDomNode_child_nodes()
DomDocument_imported_nodeNo replacement.
DomNode_add_childCreate a new node with e.g. DomDocument_create_element() and add it with DomNode_append_child().
DomNode_childrenDomNode_child_nodes()
DomNode_parentDomNode_parent_node()
DomNode_new_childCreate a new node with e.g. DomDocument_create_element() and add it with DomNode_append_child().
DomNode_set_contentCreate a new node with e.g. DomDocument_create_text_node() and add it with DomNode_append_child().
DomNode_get_contentContent is just a text node and can be accessed with DomNode_child_nodes().
DomNode_set_contentContent is just a text node and can be added with DomNode_append_child().

预定义常量

以下常量由本扩展模块定义,因此只有在本扩展模块被编译到 PHP 中,或者在运行时被动态加载后才有效。

表格 2. XML constants

ConstantValueDescription
XML_ELEMENT_NODE (integer) 1Node is an element
XML_ATTRIBUTE_NODE (integer) 2Node is an attribute
XML_TEXT_NODE (integer) 3Node is a piece of text
XML_CDATA_SECTION_NODE (integer) 4 
XML_ENTITY_REF_NODE (integer) 5 
XML_ENTITY_NODE (integer) 6Node is an entity like &nbsp;
XML_PI_NODE (integer) 7Node is a processing instruction
XML_COMMENT_NODE (integer) 8Node is a comment
XML_DOCUMENT_NODE (integer) 9Node is a document
XML_DOCUMENT_TYPE_NODE (integer) 10 
XML_DOCUMENT_FRAG_NODE (integer) 11 
XML_NOTATION_NODE (integer) 12 
XML_GLOBAL_NAMESPACE (integer) 1 
XML_LOCAL_NAMESPACE (integer) 2 
XML_HTML_DOCUMENT_NODE (integer)   
XML_DTD_NODE (integer)   
XML_ELEMENT_DECL_NODE (integer)   
XML_ATTRIBUTE_DECL_NODE (integer)   
XML_ENTITY_DECL_NODE (integer)   
XML_NAMESPACE_DECL_NODE (integer)   
XML_ATTRIBUTE_CDATA (integer)   
XML_ATTRIBUTE_ID (integer)   
XML_ATTRIBUTE_IDREF (integer)   
XML_ATTRIBUTE_IDREFS (integer)   
XML_ATTRIBUTE_ENTITY (integer)   
XML_ATTRIBUTE_NMTOKEN (integer)   
XML_ATTRIBUTE_NMTOKENS (integer)   
XML_ATTRIBUTE_ENUMERATION (integer)   
XML_ATTRIBUTE_NOTATION (integer)   
XPATH_UNDEFINED (integer)   
XPATH_NODESET (integer)   
XPATH_BOOLEAN (integer)   
XPATH_NUMBER (integer)   
XPATH_STRING (integer)   
XPATH_POINT (integer)   
XPATH_RANGE (integer)   
XPATH_LOCATIONSET (integer)   
XPATH_USERS (integer)   
XPATH_NUMBER (integer)   

Classes

The API of the